Understanding Thyroid Issues

Your thyroid gland plays an important role in your overall health by producing key hormones your body needs to function efficiently. When your thyroid isn’t working properly, you can suffer from a host of unwanted symptoms. Whether it’s a simple examination or a biopsy of the thyroid Miami FL, it’s important to follow your doctor’s recommendations for testing. Otherwise, your thyroid issues could cause other serious health problems in the future.

Symptoms of Thyroid Issues

Whether you have an underactive or overactive thyroid, your symptoms could include:

  • Fatigue
  • Muscle weakness
  • Thinning hair
  • Swelling of the thyroid gland
  • Changes in heart rate

For those with hypothyroidism (an underactive thyroid), sensitivity to cold, constipation, weight gain and dry skin can also occur. People who suffer from hyperthyroidism (an overactive thyroid) may experience weight loss, sensitivity to heat, more frequent bowel movements and increased anxiety or nervousness.

Diagnosing Thyroid Issues

In order for a doctor to properly diagnose a thyroid condition, a physical exam and bloodwork will be required. A simple blood test can measure the amount of TSH or thyroid-stimulating hormone in your body to determine if this gland is functioning properly. Sometimes, a scan or ultrasound may also be required.

Treatments for Thyroid Issues

Hypothyroidism is usually treated with medication. Some dietary changes may help with a few symptoms, but a prescription is required to help the body function properly. Hyperthyroidism may require more intensive treatments if medication alone does not work. Radioactive iodine treatments or surgery may be necessary in more severe cases. Fortunately, with the right treatment, most people with thyroid conditions continue to live long and healthy lives.

If you suspect you may have a thyroid problem, talk with a doctor about your symptoms and schedule a blood test. Treatment can help restore balance in your body while alleviating troublesome symptoms. However, failure to address thyroid problems can lead to complications down the road.